Substance abuse disorder is regarded as a form of substance related disorder,which is labeled as an umbrella term,because of a host of conditions.
The substance related is said to have two subcategories,substance use disorders,and substance induced disorders,the(SID)include medical conditions attributed to the use of a substance.
Some of which are INTOXICATION, WITHDRAWAL,SUBSTANCE INDUCED DELIRIUM,SUBSTANCE-INDUCED PSYCHOSIS,AND INDUCED MOOD DISORDERS.
The (SUD)INCLUDES SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE,ALTHOUGH ONE ORGANIZATION MAKES A DISTINCTION BETWEEN THE (SID)and(SUD)there is a legitimate correlation between the two,there cannot be substance induced without substance use,and intoxication is the best terminology to describe the substances used,which are alcohol,opium,cocaine,caffeine,nicotine,and many more.
We will now deal with intoxication by alcohol,I think it is safe to say alcohol is one of the first substance to be abused by humanity. There is more than one kind of alcohol,the one we are concern with is ETHANOL,it has many usages,you can put it in an automobile and get good use of it,but when we ferment it with sugar,and use it for social purposes, it begin to take on bad habits, that are resented by the public.
Alcohol abuse affect all age groups from approximately 12 years up,parents pay close attention to your young boys, who are lying about their age, trying to blend in with their older peers
So then the substance induced disorders(SID),brings about intoxication of whatever drug of choice,after abusiveness of that drug comes dependency, which involves substance use disorders(SUD),from this comes withdrawal,you want to stop,but your withdrawal symptoms are so strong you find yourself doing what you don't want,you are getting high not to be sociable,but to find contentment,and/or physical peace.
Physical dependency can produce physical and psychological symptoms,because the brain has been made to adapt to substance continuously.
Finally, withdrawal symptoms can become very serious,such as confusion,seizures,visual hallucinations,medical attention is needed immediately if these symptoms are detected.
Treatments for any substance addiction, is always better to seek professional services.
Substance abuse is highly associated with the word tolerance, which carried the medical meaning of the body's adaptation to a drug. A greater amount is required overtime, to achieve the initial effect, because the body gets used to or adapt to the amount of intake.
For this reason, substance abuse came into being, the higher your tolerance goes, the more your drug of choice gets abused. Other definitions of drug abuse fall into four main categories:
These are some Signs and symptoms. Depending on the actual compound, substance, or drug being abused including alcohol, may lead to health problems,
Substance abusers are also family abusers, not just because of possibly their violence behaviors, it is because of the suffering, pain, and embarrassments they put their love ones through.
There is a high rate of suicide in alcoholics and drug abusers. The reasons believed to cause the increased risk of suicide, include the long-term abuse of alcohol and drugs, the physiological distortion of brain chemistry, as well as the social withdrawal or isolation.
Another factor is the acute intoxicating, and brain altering effects of the drugs, which can make suicide more likely to occur. Suicide is also very common in adolescent alcohol abusers, with 1 in 4 suicides in adolescents being related to alcohol abuse.
In the USA approximately 30 percent of suicides are related to alcohol abuse. Alcohol abuse is also associated with increased risks of committing criminal offenses, including child abuse, domestic violence, rapes, burglaries and assaults.
Substance use disorder or Drug abuse, including alcohol and prescription drugs, can induce symptomatology which resembles mental illness. This can occur both in the intoxicated state, and also during the withdrawal state.
In some cases these substance induced psychiatric disorders can persist long after detoxification, such as prolonged psychosis or depression, after amphetamine or cocaine abuse. Some of these drugs of choice whether illegal or prescription, are very dangerous to one's health or life.
A protracted withdrawal syndrome, can also occur with symptoms persisting for months after cessation of use. Benzodiazepines are the most notable drug, for inducing prolonged withdrawal effects, with symptoms sometimes persisting for years after cessation of use.
Abuse of hallucinogens can trigger delusional and other psychotic phenomena, long after cessation of use, and cannabis may trigger panic attacks during intoxication, and with use, it may cause a state similar to dysthymia.
Severe anxiety and depression, are commonly induced by sustained alcohol abuse, which in most cases abates with prolonged abstinence. Even moderate alcohol sustained use, may increase anxiety and depression levels, in some individuals.
In most cases the one good thing is, these drug induced psychiatric disorders, fade away with prolonged abstinence.
Drug abuse can cause very serious central nervous system (CNS) effects, which produce changes in mood, levels of awareness, or perceptions and sensations.
Most of these drugs also alter systems other than the CNS. Some of these are often thought of as being abused. Some drugs appear to be more likely to lead to uncontrolled use than others, such as pain killers, and mood enhancing drugs.
All of the images in this column shows legitimate people, neither one seems out of line. This is why substance abuse is so dangerous, we never know that either one is in trouble until a crash.